Keep the cows stabled through the inclement season; feed them from three to four times per day with good hay or green stalks; when near coming in, add some oats, barley, or corn cracked. In summer, good pasture, with living water accessible at all times, and plenty of salt.
Treatment of milk and cream before churning.—Strain the milk in tin pans; place them in a cool cellar for the cream to rise. When sufficiently risen, separate the cream from the milk; put in stone jars.
The mode of churning in summer.—Rinse the churn with cold water; then turn in the cream, and add to each jar of cream put in the churn, full one-fourth of the same quantity of cold water. The churn used is a patent one, moved by hand with a crank, having paddles attached, and so constructed as to warm the milk (if too cold) with hot water, without mixing them together. The milk and cream receive the same treatment in winter as in summer; and in churning, use hot instead of cold water, if necessary.
The method of freeing the butter from the milk, is to wash the butter with cold water, till it shows no color of the milk, by the use of a ladle.
Salting the butter.—Use the best kind of Liverpool sack-salt; the quantity varies according to the state in which the butter is taken from the churn; if soft, more; if hard, less; always taking the taste for the surest guide. Add no saltpetre, nor other substances.
The best time for churning is the morning, in hot weather, and to keep the butter cool till put down.
The best mode of preserving butter, in and through the summer and winter, is as follows:—The vessel is a stone jar, clean and sweet. The mode of putting it down is to put in a churning of butter, and put on strong brine; let it remain on until the next churning is ready to put down, and so on till the jar is filled; then cover it with fine salt the same to remain on till used.
Source: J. T. Lansing, who received the first premium for butter from the New York State Agricultural Society
The Cola that Didn’t Make It
Try it! Try it! Just the thing,
Makes the little children sing,
Makes the old men stand up straight,
Good for Mary, Susan, Kate;
Everybody do not fail,
Try it now, Our KOKO-ALE.
From the fine print: “We regret that Coca-Cola is so similar to Koko Ale in flavor and taste …”
In the first few decades of the twentieth centuries, houseflies were seen as a serious health menace.
Newspapers would run ads, comic strips, articles and poems urging readers to “swat the fly.”
Swat the fly!
If you would be well and strong,
Swat the fly!
If you would your life prolong,
And escape the germlet throng,
Let this be your daily song:
Swat the fly!
Excerpted from the Monroe City Democrat, May 04, 1916.
“The reason why so few marriages are happy is because young women spend their time in making nets, not in making cages.”
She is the really fine woman who can not merely net the affections of a husband during the honeymoon, but who can cage and keep them throughout a long married life. Only the other day, a man told me that after forty years of married life, he loved his wife almost better than the day they were married. We are not told that Alexander the Great, after conquering the world, kept his conquest very long, but this wife kept her conquest forty years. Woman in her time has been called upon to endure a great deal of definition. She had been described as, “A good idea—spoiled!” This may be true of one who can only make nets, but it certainly is not true of a cage-maker.
Men are often as easily caught as birds, but as difficult to keep.
If the wife cannot make her home bright and happy, so that it shall be the cleanest, sweetest, cheerfulest place that her husband can find refuge in—then he is virtually homeless!
It is the duty of a wife to sweetly order her cage so that it may be clean, neat, and free from muddle. Method is the oil that makes the wheels of the domestic machine run easily. The mistress of a home who desires order, and the tranquility that comes of order, must insist on the application of method to every branch and department of the household work. She must rise and breakfast early and give her orders early. Doing much before twelve o’clock gives her a command of the day.
An American newspaper lately addressed the following wise words to young women: “Learn to keep house. If you would be a level-headed woman; if you would have right instincts and profound views, and that most subtle, graceful, and irresistible of all things, womanly charm; if you would make your pen, your music, your accomplishments tell, and would give them body, character, and life; if you would be a woman of genuine power, and queen o’er all the earth, learn to keep house thoroughly and practically. You see the world all awry, and are consumed with a desire to set it right. Must you go on a mission to the heathen? Very well, but learn to keep house first. Begin reform, where all true reform must begin, at the centre and work outwards; at the foundation and work upwards. What is the basis and centre of all earthly life? It is the family, the home; these relations dictate and control all others. There is nothing from which this distracted world is suffering so much to-day, as for want of thorough housekeeping and homemaking.”
Edward John Hardy. How to be Happy Though Married, Being a Handbook to Marriage. London: T Fisher Unwin, 1887.
To Make a Perfect Pie.
Prof. Campbell of Lick Observatory says:
The vast intellect of Mars is occupied with the problems of gaining subsistence from the dying planet and then with investigations of the boundless universe that lies within its sight.
According to Prof. Campbell’s Astounding New Theory:
- Ages ago, all life on Mars took the vegetable form.
- The vegetable life, possessed of true intelligence, evolved into one whole to obtain the greatest means from the limited means of sustenance on Mars.
- Life on Mars is now one vast intellect supported by a vegetable body having its roots in the soil.
- Those parts of the huge being exposed to the Martian summer grow in great orange-colored forms. As the heat departs, these forms hide in the soil until summer comes again, producing the appearance of “canals.”
- The white spot which we sometimes see on Mars is not a pile a snow, but really an “eye,” supported on a transparent column, that can raise itself miles above the surface of the planet and watch the operations of its vegetable body at any point.
- When not engaged in watching the physical condition of its body, the great “eye” makes observations of the earth. It is able to see more and farther than all the telescopes of our earth put together.
Queen Charlotte’s Recipe
- 1 Quart of white wine
- 1 handful of rosemary flowers
- 1/2 lb. of honey
- 1/4 pint oil of sweet almonds
Mix the rosemary and honey with the wine, distil them together, then add the oil of sweet almonds and shake well. When using it, pour a little into a cup, warm it, and rub it into the roots of the hair.
Another recipe to thicken hair:
To thicken the hair and prevent it from turning grey, pour boiling water on a quantity of sage leaves, and then them remain some time in the oven, or near a stove; strain and apply to the roots of the hair daily. If any pomade be needed, an equal mixture of cocoa-nut and olive-oils with a little perfume is very efficacious.
From Beeton’s All About Everything: A Dictionary of Practical Recipes and Every-Day Information. London: Ward, Lock, and Tyler, 1871. P. 149.